Medical visualization of an anterior view of tubal ligation; the left fallopian tube, ovary, ovarian ligament, and round ligament can be seen, as well as the top of the uterus. Tubal ligation is a surgical sterilization technique for women: the the fallopian tubes are cut and tied, or cauterized to prevent the egg from traveling down the fallopian tube to the uterus as well as preventing sperm from reaching the fallopian tube. Two of the most common techniques for performing this surgery are mini-laparotomies and laparoscopies. Tubal ligation is considered a permanent form of birth control and offers no protection against STDs.
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