Three-dimensional visualization reconstructed from scanned human data. Anteriolateral view of microsurgical technique for varicoceles of the spermatic cord and drainage of paratesticular cysts. Also shown is the testes penis pelvis and bladder. Varicoceles are varicose veins of the spermatic cord-the structure that supports the testes inside the scrotum. Varicoceles are most commonly found in young men between the ages of 15 and 25. They tend to be located on the left side of the scrotum are usually minor and can be managed with the use of a scrotal support. In more serious cases lack of sufficient blood flow to the testes can result in testicular atrophy and infertility. Microsurgery is an option for the repair of varicoceles. Paratesticular cysts are tumors that occur inside the scrotum but not on the testes themselves; they are very common often asymptomatic and almost always benign. Paratesticular cysts can involve the outer covering of the testes the epididymis and the spermatic cord and are easily mistaken for cancerous lumps. A thorough examination by a physician should be performed to rule out serious disease.
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