Brain Development



Brodmann Areas of 14 Month Old Brain

The Brodmann Areas delineate parts of the brain that perform certain sensory tasks. Korbinian Brodmann devised his map of the brain in 1909 based solely on the organization of the cells in different regions. Since then many of the areas he defined have been correlated with diverse cortical functions for instance movement sight hearing touch and language. In the first year of life neural connections in the brain are being made especially rapidly. By the end of the first year the infant brain resembles that of an adult more than that of a newborn. Because babies' brains are so receptive and mature very quickly in the first year appropriate stimulation is particularly important.

Neural development refers to the processes that generate, shape, and reshape the nervous system, from the earliest stages of embryogenesis to the final years of life. The study of neural development aims to describe the cellular basis of brain development and to address the underlying mechanisms. The field draws on both neuroscience and developmental biology to provide insight into the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which complex nervous systems develop. Defects in neural development can lead to cognitive, motor, and intellectual disability, as well as neurological disorders such as autism, Rett syndrome, and intellectual disability.


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