Overweight Woman with Visible Internal Organ
Obesity and its health risks are a growing problem in the United States. It is estimated that more than two-thirds of adults are either overweight (10 to 30 pounds heavier than recommended) or obese (more than 30 pounds heavier than recommended). The number of overweight and obese school-age children is also on the rise. This is especially alarming given what is known about how obesity increases the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. The Framingham Study found that regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight are positive factors for cardiovascular health. Your heart is a muscle like any other in your body. Regular exercise strengthens muscles and improves the efficiency of circulation and nutrient and waste exchange. Little or no exercise means less muscle tone and can cause weight gain, which adds stress to the cardiovascular system and increases blood pressure. Weight gain - specifically the extra fat cells - also raise blood sugar and cholesterol levels. People who are overweight or obese are at a much higher risk of developing diabetes, which increases their risk of chronic kidney and heart disease. People who are obese also take a longer time to recover from surgical treatments and are more likely to develop complications from surgery.