Aging Brain or Brain with Alzheimer's disease?

Image Caption : Aging Brain or Brain with Alzheimer's disease? : Recent research suggests that a brain affected by Alzheimer's disease looks very different from one undergoing normal aging. While all brains shrink in volume as we get older, Alzheimer's brains lose even more volume than healthy brains. Understanding these differences could lead to better ways to diagnose the disease earlier, even before symptoms appear.By the time Alzheimer's is well-established, there are distinct differences between an affected brain and one that is aging normally, say experts. But increasingly, they believe it's important to identify those who are in the early stages of disease, so they might benefit from lifestyle interventions, such as keeping their brains active, that might slow down the progression of Alzheimer's.

Alzheimer's Disease

Also called: AD

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia among older people. Dementia is a brain disorder that seriously affects a person's ability to carry out daily activities.

AD begins slowly. It first involves the parts of the brain that control thought, memory and language. People with AD may have trouble remembering things that happened recently or names of people they know. A related problem, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), causes more memory problems than normal for people of the same age. Many, but not all, people with MCI will develop AD.

In AD, over time, symptoms get worse. People may not recognize family members or have trouble speaking, reading or writing. They may forget how to brush their teeth or comb their hair. Later on, they may become anxious or aggressive, or wander away from home. Eventually, they need total care. This can cause great stress for family members who must care for them.

AD usually begins after age 60. The risk goes up as you get older. Your risk is also higher if a family member has had the disease.

No treatment can stop the disease. However, some drugs may help keep symptoms from getting worse for a limited time.

NIH: National Institute on Aging

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