Osteoarthritis



<!--[if !IE]>--> <!--<![endif]-->

<!--[if !IE]>-->
<!--<![endif]-->

Image Caption : Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis : When you suffer from osteoarthritis (OA), joints-most often the hands, knees, hips, and spine-become inflamed and painful. Simple everyday tasks can turn into nightmares. Go inside your body to view exactly how OA happens. See the human skeleton and the workings of your most complex joint-the knee joint. You'll watch as cartilage deteriorates, fissures, and starts to shred, leading to OA. Aging is the most common cause of OA. Other causes include athletic and overuse injuries, genetics, and obesity. See how you can break the cycle of pain and swelling with noninvasive treatments. If pain becomes so bad that life is no longer enjoyable, surgical replacement of the hip or knee may allow someone with OA to exercise and gain a new lease on life.

Osteoarthritis

Also called: Degenerative joint disease, OA, Osteoarthrosis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes pain, swelling, and reduced motion in your joints. It can occur in any joint, but usually it affects your hands, knees, hips or spine.

Osteoarthritis breaks down the cartilage in your joints. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose cartilage, your bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.

Risk factors for osteoarthritis include

  • Being overweight
  • Getting older
  • Injuring a joint

No single test can diagnose osteoarthritis. Most doctors use several methods, including medical history, a physical exam, x-rays, or lab tests.

Treatments include exercise, medicines, and sometimes surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Knee Injuries and Disorders

Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have knee problems. Knee problems can cause pain and difficulty walking.

Knee problems are very common, and they occur in people of all ages. Knee problems can interfere with many things, from participation in sports to simply getting up from a chair and walking. This can have a big impact on your life.

The most common disease affecting the knee is osteoarthritis. The cartilage in the knee gradually wears away, causing pain and swelling.

Injuries to ligaments and tendons also cause knee problems. A common injury is to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). You usually injure your ACL by a sudden twisting motion. ACL and other knee injuries are common sports injuries.

Treatment of knee problems depends on the cause. In some cases your doctor may recommend knee replacement.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases



The material on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any medical condition. Consult a licensed medical professional for the diagnosis and treatment of all medical conditions and before starting a new diet or exercise program. If you have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.