Chronic Kidney Disease Chapter 1

Intro to Chronic Kidney Disease (VIDEO)

Video Topic : Delve into the abdomen to see chronic kidney disease (CKD) from an inside point of view. View how exactly these amazing, multitasking organs filter toxins out of the blood while maintaining your blood pressure and regulating red blood cell production. Watch as cleansed blood flows out of the kidneys, and zoom in closer still to see the tiny and incredibly complex network of filtering capillaries in the kidneys' nephrons. Witness the deterioration of kidney tissue over time into kidney failure, and see how protein and other substances leak out of diseased capillaries. Dialysis is necessary in advanced kidney disease: learn how lifestyle changes can slow the progression of CKD.

Chronic Kidney Disease

Also called: CKD

You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. Their main job is to filter wastes and excess water out of your blood to make urine. They also keep the body's chemical balance, help control blood pressure, and make hormones.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood as they should. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body. It can also cause other problems that can harm your health. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD.

Treatment may include medicines to lower blood pressure, control blood glucose, and lower blood cholesterol. CKD can get worse over time. CKD may lead to kidney failure. The only treatment options for kidney failure are dialysis or a kidney transplantation.

You can take steps to keep your kidneys healthier longer:

  • Choose foods with less salt (sodium)
  • Keep your blood pressure below 130/80
  • Keep your blood glucose in the target range, if you have diabetes

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

The material on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any medical condition. Consult a licensed medical professional for the diagnosis and treatment of all medical conditions and before starting a new diet or exercise program. If you have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.